>>States >> West
Bengal >> Kolkata ( Kolkata ) City Guide
Kolkata ( Kolkata ) City Guide
retains much of the splendour of yesteryears, with a presence that is at
once regal, imposing and memorable, a city worthy of admiration and love.
to Job Charnock's 'chance-directed, chance-erected city, Lapierre's City
of Joy'. Kolkata was born in August 1690, following the midday halt of
Job Charnock, Chief of the British East India Company, on the eastern
banks of the River Hooghly, overlooking the bustling village of Sutanati.
The city grew around Sutanati and the adjoining villages of Govindapur and
Kalikata (site of the famous Kali Temple ), from which is derived its
present name. Charnock's halt ws, however, no accident. Fifty years
earlier, Mughal Emperor Shah Jehan had granted a concession of free trade
in Bengal to an English surgeon, Gabriel Boughton, as fee for effecting a
Over the next 250 years, Kolkata grew into the
leading city east of Suez, and the second city of the British Empire.
Inextricably interwoven into its history are River Hooghly and the port
(Kidderpore Docks), both witness to the eventful and fast changing mulieu
of the city. Kolkata's growth was further enhanced by a hinterland rich
in coal, iron ore and mineral deposits, and as the focal point for the
tea, jute and engineering industries. Today, Kolkata is India's largest
metropolis, with a population in excess of 11 million.
the first time visitor, Kolkata is indeed overwhelming. It presents a
unique blend of 19th century Europe and the throbbing vitality of a
metropolis of teeming millions. The city has produced some of India's
fines literature, theatre, films, art and culture, and personalities- an
output that has influenced the very course of Indian history. The names of
Tagore, Satyajit Ray, Mother Teresa and Mrinal Sen readily come to mind.
Quaint trams trundle down narrow streets amidst jostling crowds
spilling over from the pavements. Kolkata even has the hand-drawn
rickshaw, now made famous in the film, City of Joy. In sharp contrast is
Kolkata's pride, the Underground Metro Rail Service, which is India's
first and one of the world's most modern, presently running between
Esplanade and Tollygunge, a 10 km route (total route length 16.4 km). For
the shopper, Kolkata offers some of the best bargains in clothes, leather
goods, as well as trivia and exotica. Transport costs are still among the
lowest in India. As for food, the bewildering variety available on offer
is matched by the most reasonable prices. Indeed, Kolkata is as much a
haven for tourists with a shoe-string budget as it is for big budget
Numerous hotels, including several of international
class, offer comforts and conveniences to suit every budget, cuisines to
please every palate. There are also Clubs in the finest British tradition
such as Bengal Club, Kolkata Club, Kolkata Cricket & Football Club
and Saturday Club, to name a few. On the other hand, the essence of
Bengali and Indian culture is evident in several landmarks located across
General Info. :
187 sq. kms.
Altitude : 5.8 metres
Climate (deg c)
: Summer- Max. 41.7, Min. 38.1;
29.3, Min. 9.6.
Rainfall : 158 cms June to Mid
Clothing : Tropical
Languages Spoken :
Bengali, English, Hindi etc.
Season : Throughout the year.
Offers on Hotels & Resort Booking in KolkataTravel
Agents & Tour Operators offering Travel Packages in Kolkata